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Cute and charming , friendly and romantic Bruges - a paradise for lovers, a storehouse of wonders for the curious and unforgettable tale for children and adults . After deliberate coldness of Englishmen , Frenchmen excessive sociability and an unusual closeness Dutch least here you 'll feel like a foreigner .Bruges
Externally similar to gingerbread town with colorful facades around the area . Residents truly love him and are proud rightfully considered one of the most beautiful places on earth .
Despite the very advanced age , city of Bruges is very young at heart . Life it felt everywhere - in trams , smartly hurrying past the majestic Gothic towers in silhouette cyclist Loopy on a narrow cobbled street in colorful storefronts waiting for their visitors, cute cafes and carved stone facades of houses medieval guilds of masons , bakers, brewers ...
Bruges is unique and that the churches and museums there is hardly any more than residents. Medieval monuments miraculously survived two world wars, hardly affected . Literally around every corner here medieval tower , a majestic cathedral , ancient bell or stone statue of St. .By
rich choice of cafes and restaurants , this small town can easily compete with famous European capitals , and an impressive menu can throw at first freshman in confusion. Want a taste of this Belgium - safely order potato dishes , eels and mussels. And of drinks, of course , beer, which is brewed in Belgium more than 600 varieties. Even for a small bar 20 varieties - the usual assortment . So take heart , foodies !But
crown masterpieces of this amazing country deserves Belgian chocolate ! Not accidentally Bruges called Mecca for shokoladogolikov . There is a veritable museum of chocolate , reminiscent of the scenery to your favorite fairy tales , and numerous highly specialized chocolate restaurants where the menu is all the dishes prepared on the basis of , or with the addition of this magical ingredient .
And the locals know Bruges true sign : if the city started to beat chocolate fountains , then wait for the holiday ! The fact is that every year, for many years there are festivals " chocolate life," during which famous chefs Bruges struggling to surprise guests with extravagant ideas and experiments with chocolate .
On the Grote Markt stands one of the main sights of Bruges - the famous watchtower Belford , 50 bells which every hour call-back for a new ringtone . The square itself is considered to be the hallmark of the city - Christmas on the Grote Markt necessarily ice skating and arrange holiday bazaar, where you can warm up a cup of hot chocolate or buy a nice souvenir .
In general, there are three wonderful way to see Bruges , in all its beauty and originality : shoot the breeze in an open carriage through the ancient winding streets , sail on a boat through multiple channels (on a secret - some small restaurants can only roll the boat ) or enjoy a breathtaking view of the city from a bird's flight .
By the way, you probably will surprise quite a fun feature of Bruges - "drivers " pleasure excursion , boat crews and here, as a rule, girls ! They win competitions bartenders , but that's another story ... But in order to climb to the observation deck watchtower, you have to conquer the 366 steps , by the way , has seen a lot in his lifetime . But the spectacle is worth it ...
What to see in Bruges ?
What to bring from Bruges ?
Story Bruges better than other Belgian cities preserved medieval imprint can be traced back to the III century, when St . Peridot preached the Gospel to its inhabitants . In the VII century Bruges was the major city of its district , called Flanders .Maritime trade
sooner got here a great development . Relations with England, after its conquest by the Normans , were so frequent that the merchants of Bruges founded the London Hansa enjoy more rights and so strong that the Count of Flanders in 1242 pledged to appoint sheffenov only members of the Hanseatic League .
In 1302 headed the Flemish cities rebelled against the French governor Ioakova de Chatillon , stood Peter Coninck - Petty shop in Bruges weavers and butchers shop foreman John Breydel , which led to the famous battle of Kortrijk . In 1887, in a monument to them .
riches of the city in the Middle Ages was huge , as evidenced by the still extant buildings and monuments of art. In the XIV century Bruges was the center of trade in Northern Europe. It is believed that it was here in 1406 founded the first market. But over time, two city harbor became shallow alluvial sand and because of debris. Authorities were busy internal strife that led to the loss of its former greatness and wealth. During this period begins vozvyshatsyaAntverpen - permanent rival Bruges. Troubles end of the XV century severely affected the trade, and only exclusive wool trade , which had great importance for the British after the loss of Calais ( 1560 ) , continued to give a good profit .
Undermined the welfare of the city as large resettlement during religious unrest in the harsh reign of Philip II. In 1704 Bruges was besieged by the Dutch, in 1708 , 1745 and 1794 was taken by the French. While Belgium belonged to France, Bruges was the main city of the Department of Lys. In 1814 Bruges moved to the Netherlands in 1830 to Belgium. During World War I he had been heavily bombarded .
illustrated magazine " Sparks " from October 19, 1914 :
Doomed city . German forces bombed and then occupied the Belgian city of Bruges. Lace carved , chiseled pinnacles and spiers - and bombing . City peaceful labor , exquisite taste , full of remnants of a highly cultured antiquity - and the German occupation with all its grave , nightmarish experiences and consequences .
Inside the city , there are 54 bridges , 12 of which are wooden and drawbridges for the passage of ships . Noteworthy are the following buildings : the market square on a large area (XIV century) , with a tower height of 107 meters, this famous tower chimes ; restored Gothic town hall , built in the late XIV century , this building on the recently restored statue 33 Flemish and graphs countesses who were burned by the French in 1792 , the courthouse , the former residence of the Count of Flanders , in which the building is known , decorated with carving on wood fireplace , made in the years 1529-1531 , with a lot of coats of arms , portraits and statues of Charles V, Maximilian and Mary Burgundy , Ferdinand of Aragon and Isabella of Castile .
Church of Our Lady with a pointed tower at 123 meters high , the marble statue of the Virgin and Child beginning of XVI century , one of the few works by Michelangelo which is located outside of Italy , in the same church have valuable paintings Zegers (Zegers), de Cryer (de Crayer), van Ost (van Oost), E. Kvellina (E. Quellyn), the tombstone of Charles the Bold and his daughter , Mary of Burgundy .
Christ the Savior Cathedral (Sint-Salvatorskathedraal) built of brick in the XIII and XIV century, ugly outside, but inside the ornate , with paintings by J. van Ost (van Oost), Van Hook (van Hoek), Kvellina (Quellyn), Memling and other Chapel " Holy Blood ", or the Church of St. . Basil - a two-story building , the lower floor was built in 1150 , the top - in the fifteenth century , superbly restored in 1829-1839 , according to legend, Dietrich Alsace in 1150 brought to the church a few drops of blood of the Savior , 700 -year anniversary of that solemn celebrated by the church in 1850. Jerusalem church with an exact reproduction of the Holy Sepulchre , the Church of St. . Jacob with many paintings , built in 1457-1518 , respectively; extensive Episcopal Seminary , St. Hospital . John, where in addition to the many valuable paintings ( six of them painted by Memling ) , St. cancer persists . Ursula , which Memling painted torture 11000 Cologne girls - work, considered a masterpiece of the artist . He , as well as math Stevin born here , the inventor of the decimal weights city is a monument .
Bruges - the seat of the bishop since 1559 , there are : Court of First Instance , the provincial administration of West Flanders , College , Academy of Fine Arts with an art gallery (built in 1719, the newly redone in 1755 ) , Museum , Botanical Gardens, Public library ( with 562- mja manuscripts ) , a theater and a lot of charities. The main items in the industry B. - linen , woolen and cotton fabrics, laces , in addition, there are breweries and distilleries, and shipbuilding .
In the center of the square stands the statue of Jan Breydel , the hero of the battle " Golden Spurs ." To the north of the city center is " Lace Center" where you can buy local lace masterpieces , and the Jerusalem church .
In 2000, the historic center of Bruges was declared a UNESCO world heritage site .
Bruges - is not only the capital of Belgium chocolate , but without exaggeration one of the most beautiful cities in Europe . Medieval gothic ensembles and a network of canals , is slightly inferior to that of Venice , attracting crowds of tourists every year . In recent years, the flow of tourists has increased so that the inhabitants of Bruges complain live in Disneyland. But a lot of grumbling locals guile : tourism industry annually brings the city enormous income , and to increase it even more , the authorities constantly refurbish old buildings and ennoble the city. Many of the buildings of ancient architecture is clearly looking like new , but it's not a " remake " just care about the appearance of power Bruges. And, of course , most of the old buildings are museums, and you can visit them .
located in the Belgian province of West - Flander , two hours drive from the Dutch Utrecht. In the IX century the town was discovered and conquered by the Vikings , so the name of the city "Bruges" occurs , most likely, from the Old Norse word «bryggia», which means "port" . Due to its proximity to the North Sea Bruges soon enough become an important international port city . Later , in the Middle Ages , Bruges was built around the city wall .
Royal Court Beguines .
One of the main attractions of Bruges. It was founded in the XIII century , however, the majority of white-painted houses appeared in the XVII and XVIII century. Arched bridge that forms the entrance to the Garden Beguines (map ) ( see photo gallery ) , was built in 1570. Béguines no longer live here , the yard is currently inhabited by Benedictine monastery sisters De Wijngaard.
The house is located at No. 1 Museum, through which you can get an idea about the life of Beguines . Kitchen, living room , dining room and bedroom furnished in the style of the XVII century . Home chapel was originally built of wood , but destroyed by the fire . In 1605, in its place was built a chapel in the Baroque style , which survives to this day . Entrance to the chapel is open to visitors . In it you can see the old image of Our Lady in Bruges of Spearman 1240 . On the right is the altar of alabaster sculpture of Christ XVII century .
Tour of the cultural sights of Bruges
Thanks quivering and respect citizens, Bruges are numerous architectural and historical monuments .
Béguines Yard located on Lake Minnevater that was once part of the channel connecting Bruges and Ghent . Today it is a small picturesque lake which features floating beautiful white swans . With swans in Bruges is a beautiful legend connected : after Maximilian of Austria once again raised taxes , residents of Bruges rebelled and took him prisoner . Maximilian appointed mayor , Peter Lanhals ( in Dutch , his name sounds like " long-necked "), was beheaded in the main square . When Maximilian returned to power , he issued an order in which the inhabitants were obliged to Bruges forever breed " long-necked birds ," ie , the swans. And you know how to distinguish the male from the female swan ? A ring with a number: males wearing it on the right foot , while females - on the left
Basilica of the Holy Blood .
was layered over the church of St. Basilius XII century. Lower Church - a fine example of Romanesque architecture. In the nave , which is located on the right side is painted wooden image of Mary with a child dating back to about 1300 . Basilica of the Holy Blood (map ) initially was also done in the Romanesque style , but in the XV century , after the restructuring , has become a gothic church . During the French Revolution, the basilica was destroyed and later rebuilt . Entrance to the basilica is free, but for visiting the biggest attraction - the Museum of the Holy Blood - will have to pay . According to legend, in 1150 Count Diederik Alsatian brought from Jerusalem piece of cloth with the blood of Jesus, who was allegedly from the Patriarch of Jerusalem after the Second Crusade . After returning Earl ordered the construction of the church of St. Basilius , which was to be kept a relic. Can not be stated with certainty that this story - the truth. Assertion seems more likely that another graph , Baudouin IX, who lived later , brought the relic in 1203 of the Crusade to Constantinople .
Blood of Christ is stored in a luxuriously decorated casket manufactured in 1817 Brugge jeweler Ian Crabbe , who used for this purpose, about 30 kg of gold and silver, and more than 100 pieces of precious stones. Every year , on the day of Resurrection , the casket sweeps in solemn procession through the whole of Bruges. The museum details the history of the relic and the Basilica , there can also be seen among other things, the silver crown of the XV century , presented to Mary of Burgundy , and a few interesting pictures .
Grote Markt ( Market Square ).
central square ( see photo gallery ) , located in the very heart of it . On the square you will find a number of tsedy beautiful historic buildings , including Belfort XII century. Tower on the building rises 83 meters and is deflected to one meter to the left . On the Grote Markt you will find a wide variety of cafes and restaurants. With an area of coach- tour start , a very popular entertainment in Bruges .
Halve Maan ( Crescent ).
Brewery , which manufactured beer Brugse Zot, the only beer that is fully brewed in Bruges. Once the factory Halve Maan also brewed beer called Straffe Hendrik, today completed its production . For many centuries , as much from 1564 , the brewery is located in the same building on the square Walplein, in the historic center . Today is a very popular tour of the factory , which is the culmination , of course, beer tasting .
City Hall .
Great XIV century building , built under the direction of Jan Rugirsa . Construction was completed in 1421 . Building facades are beautifully decorated , they arranged a variety of turrets . Be sure to check the inside of the town hall . Especially noteworthy murals . City Hall is located in the Plaza de Burg.
On every street of the city you can find cozy pubs and restaurants ( restaurants map ) . Talking about pricing gastronomic establishments , it is worth noting that the most prestigious and expensive restaurants are located near the Burg Square and the Markt. Tourists and students have long chosen local kiosks " fricative ", where you can buy all your favorite french fries and other snacks. Most of the prestigious restaurants open until after 6pm . Among the luxurious establishments allocated restaurant De Drie Zintuigen ( map) , which serves gourmet delights and rarest wines. Bruges - a paradise for fans of beer , because in every bar and pub features dozens of Belgian beers .
So , De Garre pub offers visitors a choice of one hundred beers. It features its own brewery , which produces exclusive beer called Triple de Garre. The pub Brugs Beertje always a fun and relaxed atmosphere , in addition to beer and serves great snacks . Perhaps the oldest institution of Bruges is a tavern Vlissinghe, which was inaugurated in 1515 . Views and serves national cuisine in their classical design. There Bruges and more exotic places such as restaurant Narai Thai. Constitute the basis of its menu of Thai specialties , the chef never ceases to amaze visitors original copyright masterpieces and masterful blend of oriental spices .
In the city center is an attractive restaurant 't Huidevettershuis. His specialties are considered traditional Flemish soup, roasted rabbit and homemade ham . In addition to a variety of deli meats , served here and vegetarian dishes as well as excellent pickled herring . Opening a restaurant De Karmeliet held in 1996, since he is considered one of the best restaurants in Flemish cuisine . You can order and lovely fish soup with shrimp and a variety of fresh salads , and the best Belgian cheese. In addition to national dishes , the restaurant serves interesting Bhavani Indian delicacies , resist that one can neither gourmet. There is a restaurant and a children's menu , so it is ideal for family holidays .
Bruges preparation for the trip - Travel Tips
Individual excursion by car in Bruges ( 12 hours).
The rates include the cost of services and transport guide .
|cost for the service||1200 €||1200 €||1200 €||1350 €||1350 €||1350 €||1350 €|
|Price per person||1200 €||600 €||400 €||338 €||270 €||225 €||193 €|
|Vehicle Type||Mercedes Viano|
|cost for the service||1357 €||1357 €||1357 €||1357 €||1357 €||1357 €||1357 €|
|Price per person||1357 €||679 €||453 €||340 €||272 €||227 €||194 €|
|Vehicle Type||Mercedes E Classe||Mercedes S Classe|
|cost for the service||1357 €||1357 €||1357 €||1727 €||1727 €||1727 €|
|Price per person||1357 €||679 €||453 €||1727 €||864 €||576 €|
|Vehicle Type||Mercedes E Classe||Mercedes S Classe|
|Capacity||8 -14pax||8 - 14 p||15 - 18 p||19 - 29 p||30 - 51 p|
|cost for the service||1995 €||1634 €||1663 €||1982 €||2176 €|
|Excursion name||Hours||Cost €|
|Tour Chateaux of the Loire (12 hours ).||12||527|